Skip to main content

History Notes on Chalukas Dynasty and Pallava Dynasty

Pallava Dynasty:

1) The Pallava dynasty emerged in South India at a time when the Satavhana dynasty was on the decline.

2) Shivaskandavarman is said to have been the founder of the Pallava dynasty.

3) During their reign, the Pallava rulers made Kanchi their capital.

4) Simhavarama I Sivaskkandavarma I, Veerakurcha, Shandavarma II, Kumaravishnu I, Simhavarma II, and Vishnugopa.

Note: Vishugopa is said to have been defeated in battle by Samudragupta after which the Pallavas become weaker.

5) It was Simhavishnu, the son of Simhavarma II, who eventually crushed the Kalabhras‘ dominance in 575 AD and re-established his kingdom.

6) In 670, Parameshwaravarma I came to the throne and restricted the advance of the Chlukyan king Vikramaditya I. However, the Chalukyas joined hands with the Pandya king Arikesari Maravarma, another promients enemy of the Pallavas, and defeated Parameshwaravarma I.

7) Parameshwaravarma I died in 695 and was succeeded by Narasimhavarma II, a peace living ruler.He is also remembered for building the famous Kailashanatha temple at Kanchi. He died grieving his elder son‘s accidental death in 722.

8) His youngest son, Parameshwaravarma II, came to power in 722.He died in 730 with no heirs to the throne, which left the Pallava kingdom in a state of disarray.

9) Nandivarma II came to power after some infighting for the throne among relatives and officials of the kingdom. Nandivarma married the Rashtrakuta princess Reetadevi, and re-established the Pallava kingdom.

10) He was succeeded by Dantivarma (796-846) who ruled for 54 long years. Dantivarma was defeated by the Rastrakuta king, Dantidurga, and subsequently by the Pandyas. He was succeeded by Nandivarma III in 846.

The Chalukyas Dynasty:

History of the Chalukyas, the Karnataka rulers, can be classified into three eras:

i) The early western era (6th -8th century), the Chalukyas of Badami (vatapi);

ii) The later western era (7th - 12th century), the Chalukyas of Kalyani;

iii) The eastern chalukya era (7th - 12th century), the chalukyas of Vengi.

Kings, Time of rule and Important to know about them:-
1) Pulakesin I (543-566) was the first independent ruler of Badami with Vatapi in Bijapur as his capital.

2) Kirthivarma I (566-596) succeeded him at the throne. When he died, the heir to the throne, Prince Pulakesin II, was just a baby and so the king‘s brother, Mangalesha (597-610), was crowned the caretaker ruler. Over the years, he made many unsuccessful attempts to kill the prince but was ultimately killed himself by the prince and his friends.

3) Pulakesin II (610-642), the son of Pulakesin I, was a contemporary of Harshavardhana and the most famous of the Chalukyan kings.His reign is remembered as the greatest period in the history of Karnataka. He defeated Harshavardhana on the banks of the Narmada.

4) After conquering the Kosalas and the Kalingas, and eastern Chalukyan dynasty was inaugurated by his(Pulakeshin II) brother Kubja Vishnuvardana.

5) By 631, the Chalukyan empire extended from sea to sea. However, Pulkeshin II was defeated and probably killed in 642, when the Pallavas under Narsimhavarma I attack on their capital & captured the chalukyan capital at Badami.

6) The Chalukyas rose to power once again under the leadership of Vikramaditya I (655-681), who defeated his contemporary Pandya, Pallava, Cholas and Kerala rulers to establish the supremacy of the Chalukyan empire in the region.

7) Vikramaditya II (733-745) defeated the Pallava king Nandivarma II to capture a major portion of the Pallava kingdom.

8) Vikramaditya II‘s son, Kirtivarma II (745), was disposed by the Rastrakuta ruler, Dhantidurga, who established the Rashtrakuta dynasty.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Editorial - Oscars (Moonlit reality) | Meanings

An hour into the Oscar ceremony, there was a whiff (एहसास) of uncertainty in the air. La La Land was supposed to mop up (साफ करना; समेटना) every award in sight, but the first sign that the members of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences had other ideas came when the winner for Best Costume Design was announced. Everyone expected Mary Zophres to win for her retro-revival Technicolor clothes in La La Land — the eventual (अंतिम) winner, Colleen Atwood for Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, seemed surprised too. But as other awards began to slip away from the well-reviewed musical, a theme could be teased out. What is Fantastic Beasts if not a plea for equal treatment of people, magical or otherwise? Then, Arrival, a film about the inherent benignity of aliens (read immigrants) won for Best Sound Editing. Hacksaw Ridge, which is, in a way, an anti-guns movie, won in two categories. Fences, about an African-American father who fears racial discrimination (भेदभाव), took ho…

BOB Class IV Questions - 17 Feb

The following questions are based on memory.Updated on 08:56 - 19, February1. 3x - 5 = 2x + 7
2. How many schedules in Indian Constitution?
3. Which of the following are misspelt?
(i) Niether
(ii) Forgive
(iii) Smooth
(iv) Drainage
4. Opposite of EROGANCE.
5. माली का स्त्रीलिंग क्या है?
6. भाला का वचन बदलिए।
7. Sin (180 + theta) =
8. ___ angry tiger is very dangerous.
9. दास का स्त्रीलिंग क्या है?
10. उत्कृष्ट का विलोम क्या है?
11. The term "Bogie" is related to.
(i) Hockey
(ii) Tennis
(iii) Golf
(iv) Cricket
12. What angle will be between a wall and its shadow, if both of them (height of wall and shadow) are d?
13. 5% of 50% of 350 is?
14. Full form of IFSC?
15. "National Education Day" is observed on ________.
15. 53rd summit of SAARC held in _______.You can also post your memoriesed questions in comments we will include it in our post.

Questions 5 : General Knowledge for BOB Class IV

"City of Seven Hills" is in - Rome
UN Day is observed on - October 24
Sharda Acts deals with - Child Marriage
"We learn from history that we learn nothing from history" quotation from - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
When was SAARC founded? - December 8, 1985 in Dhaka, Bangladesh
First Home Minister of India - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
When was Bangladesh created? - March 26, 1971
Hari Prasad Chaurasia is renowned player of - Flute
When was Reserve Bank of India established? - April 1, 1935
World Cup Football 2018 will be played in which country? - Russia


किसे सात पहाड़ों का शहर कहा जाता है? - रोम संयुक्त राष्ट्र दिवस मनाया जाता है - २४ अक्टूबर शारदा एक्ट काम करता है -  बाल विवाह "हमने इतिहास से यह सीखा कि हमने इतिहास से कुछ नहीं सीखा" किसका विचार है -  जॉर्ज वेल्हेलम फ्रेडरिच हेगल "सारक"देशों का समूह कब स्थापित हुआ था? - ८, दिसंबर १९८५ को ढाका, बांग्लादेश भारत के प्रथम गृह मंत्री कौन हैं? - सरदार वल्लभभाई पटेल
बांग्लादेश का विभाजन कब हुआ था? - म…